How Does Satellite TV System Work?

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Technology seems so important today and it seems to be the best thing in our everyday life. Without the help of technology, our lives would still be like in the Stone Age. People today however tend to take technology for granted. We all know how to use it but never really understand how a device does really works. Therefore, let us take a view on how does a satellite TV system operates.

Years ago, satellite TV was only and imaginable technology that everyone could only dream of. The cost of this technology includes the huge antenna and the high maintenance cost plus the costly installation or set up fee. However, once installed, you could get TV signals no matter which part in the world you are in. This system is extremely suitable for those who live in rural areas where there are no TV coverage from traditional antennas. The normal TV signals are broadcast using radio waves. This sort of transmission travels in a straight line. Therefore, in order for you to receive the TV coverage, you must have your TV antenna positioned in a direct line with the main TV station antenna.

As for the satellite TV system, the signals are sent to the satellite. The satellite will act as a transmitter and receiver at the same time. By receiving the signal from the TV station, it transmits the signal to the dish of every subscriber. With the satellite orbiting the earth exactly 24 hours, it will be coherent with the rotation of earth around its axis. With this, the satellite allows you to view your favorite shows from your very own TV set.

It is really as simple as that. The satellite TV system is just like a normal TV receiving signals from a TV station. The only difference is that the signal is transmit via a satellite which could cover a large area instead of the normal TV transmission which only works in a direct line. Therefore, we could conclude that the satellite works as a giant reflector that could gather a signal and spread it to numerous household giving then the power to be entertainment at the comfort of their own home.

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Web 2.0 And Demolition of Print Media

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Web 2.0 is an open source for all netizens to exercise their democratic rights without misuse. To me, the constitution of web 2.0 reads, ‘We, the people of e-space, having solemnly resolved to constitute the cyber world into sovereign, secular, democratic, republic, and to secure to all its netizens”

In plain, web 2.0 is a netizens/Internet users driven world. It has following features:

Network as platform

User driven/controlled contents

A rich, interactive, user-friendly interface based on AJAX technology

Social networking Aspects

1:1 Connection Between Mobile and Website

Any website based on web 2.0 concept has lots of scope for users. In short, democracy is the main feature of web 2.0. Thus, Web 2.0 is ‘For the People, Of the People, and By the People’.

Web 2.0 implies Netizen journalism. As web 2.0 popularizes Neitizen journalism and more people are becoming ‘public writers’, there is a fear that journalism as a distinct profession is becoming harder and harder to sustain. The boundaries between ‘professional’ and ‘amateur’ performance are breaking down

Until web 1.0, Internet was more or less treated like print media in digital form. But the technological advancement has made it possible to unleash the full potential of the Internet. Today, Internet is recognized as the most powerful medium, even more powerful than newspapers and TVs. According to a study, majority of youngsters surf Internet for a long time than sitting silently in front of the ‘Idiot Box’. Why?

  • Internet is one stop place for both motion pictures (TV) and literary texts (Newspapers)
  • Internet offers a place for 1:1 interactions
  • Internet Today offers lots of spaces for users’ to participate (web 2.0)

In short, Internet serves everything you wish for! Under these circumstances, one can never undermine the scope of Internet at time when the wave of web 2.0 is floating across. It’s high time to recognize the potential of Internet as important media, which seems to be dominating print and visual   media  ( TVs ). While TVs continue to grow at their own pace, print media (newspapers, magazines, etc.) may likely to face a tougher challenge from Internet.

I cannot predict how long newspapers will remain. But I do feel confident in predicting that the Internet will continue to demolish the printed world. And with the advent of new technologies (WEB 2.0 AJAX), creating multimedia advertisements inside web pages will make online marketing closer to the highly effective television and radio market strategy. Flash and JavaScript have added visual interactivity–and scripted database functions fill the web with more possibilities than even TV and radio.

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Save Money With Satellite TV

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It is quite irrefutable that one of the best forms of relaxation when you are at the comfort of your home is watching a television. But how can you be relaxed and be at ease when every month you are faced with a high cost cable TV network service bill? Isn’t it irritating? Fortunately, you can by now get rid of this problem with the help of satellite TV networks. Satellite networks for TV can actually guarantee you of tons of TV channels to watch and excellent services that come in affordable rates giving you a chance to somehow save a certain amount from your hard-earned money.

A satellite television network is actually a TV system that has the capability to directly broadcast various TV network programming through a satellite. It works in a way wherein the TV programming is being done by a particular satellite TV network service provider. This provider will control a broadcast center wherein all digital TV signals are being decoded and interpreted. After decoding, all the signals will then be sent forth to a communication network satellite. The communication satellite will in turn transmit back to the earth all the accumulated signals from the broadcast center by way of a satellite dish. The satellite dish will subsequently convert the acquired signals back to the programming network through a set-top box or a satellite TV receiver and transmit it to your TV set in the forms of high-quality audios and videos.

The way how satellite TV network works is somewhat very complex that it is very difficult to comprehend especially if you are not an electronics technology geek or expert. But its complexity is no big deal because what is more important is the amazing result that it can give you. A satellite network TV can actually let you experience a supreme kind of entertainment inside your home without spending much from your money.

In fact, there are already a number of satellite network TV providers available on the market or even on the Internet. You only need to be very cautious when it comes to choosing a provider online. You have to see to it that the provider which you are keeping an eye on can give you wonderful deals. Some of the deals which a particular provider can offer are free satellite kits, satellite TV system, free installation, digital video recorder upgrades, HDTV receivers, set-top boxes, expanded state-of-the-art lineups for network programming, and satellite dish. Most of these deals usually come in various packages in which you can choose from. In this matter, it is just safe to say that saving money with a satellite network TV is really possible.

Indeed, a satellite TV network is what you need if you want to experience a superb kind of relaxation at your home. It is much more inexpensive compared to subscribing to a cable TV connection network. Hence, there is by now no need for you to worry about your monthly cable TV connection service bills. All you have to do is to switch to a satellite network TV, look for a satellite network provider, and enjoy every TV program and shows which you can watch anytime that you want. Isn’t it so easy?

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Durable TV Stands

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TV stands and for that matter audio racks, media storage, speaker stands and almost all components of home theater furniture, are available in wood, steel, and glass. Some are also available in clear or tinted acrylic. When setting up your home theater you need to locate those that are built to last, unless you plan to replace the furniture every couple of years.

For wooden stands, solid wood is the best, though not the only choice, for durable material. Take your pick from hardwoods, softwoods, wood veneer, and engineered woods. Hardwood is premium wood. In hardwood, you have a choice of maple, oak, teak, cherry, mahogany, and ebony. These are generally harder to work, more attractive, and more expensive.

Softwoods include pine, spruce, cedar, redwood, and fir. Though the name might suggest, these are not necessarily softer. All solid wood, whether hardwood or softwood, have a strong decorative appeal in their grain, which looks elegant and can last a lifetime and more. Wood veneer is another popular material for making stands. It looks as good as solid wood, but is much cheaper. It is made up of thin strips of real wood glues to a substrate, which makes it cheaper than solid woods.

Engineered woods are made from mill waste, wood scraps and other materials that would otherwise be discarded as trash. The mill waste and wood scrap is glued and bonded into sheets. These products are environmentally friendly and recycled. They reduce the need for tree cutting and in many ways are better than solid wood because they cost less and do not warp. TV stands made from engineered wood are not as durable as those made from solid wood, but with a little care and upkeep can last for decades.

Metal stands come in aluminum, brass, and stainless steel, which is the predominant material in the market. Unlike the other metals, stainless steel does not rust or tarnish. It takes chrome plating as well as powder coating very well, which means that it is available in a variety of attractive finishes. It can be worked into an overwhelming variety of sleek, creative and innovative designs with ease. A modern stand made of steel goes well with your high-tech audio and video systems, and lasts very long.

Glass is of three types. Regular glass, also known as ‘annealed glass’, shatters into large shards with razor sharp edges, and is not suitable for furniture. Heat-treated or ‘toughened’ glass is much stronger than annealed glass. Glass that is treated with chemicals and heat, known as ‘tempered glass’, is many times stronger than annealed glass. When broken, it forms small cube-like pieces instead of sharp-edged shards, and is therefore much safer than annealed glass. stands, speaker stands, audio stands etc made of tempered glass can last long but need careful handling. You need to be extra careful while cleaning or moving them.

Serenitylivingstores strives to assist people in making informed decisions on furnishing their homes. He writes for http://www.tv-stands-shop.com/, an online shop for TV stands and other furniture.

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Makeup for HDTV: Looking Your Best on TV

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The purpose for all makeup is to enhance your best features and minimize your flaws. Unlike television of old, high definition television does not require the thick pancake makeup, dark contouring or dramatic applications. Nor will everyday street makeup create flawless looking skin.

A professional makeup artist, studied in HDTV, can tailor your approach guided by your coloring and bone structure. For personal application, the following is a guideline to the products and application techniques you will need before you appear on HDTV.

Men and women alike require a foundation, concealer and blush/bronzer for any HDTV appearance. Women (and some men) will also need eye makeup and lip color.

Aptly named, the foundation selected for on air appearance is the single most important element in creating a pleasing look.

The allover face makeup used in HDTV differs from daywear. Even the most flawless complexions should not attempt to go barefaced. Makeup for HDTV should cover the entire face, neck, hands and any other exposed skin. Attempting spot application will appear just as that…spots!

The two formulations of makeup to date which best serve HDTV are airbrush and mineral powders.

Airbrush makeup is the choice of most professional television makeup artists. The coverage is complete and flawless. Applying airbrush makeup requires a compressor-like machine. Makeup is applied in seconds, evenly and completely. Tiny molecules of either water based, alcohol, polymer, or silicone based foundation is sprayed through a medium to fine airbrush nozzle onto the skin.

Complete airbrush systems with a low pressure compressor (about 10 psi) range in price from $120US to $1,000US or more.

Television anchors, hosts or frequent TV guests would benefit from this investment. Use takes a little practice, but it is easy to master. The flawless appearance pays for itself.

“Airbrush” makeup in an aerosol can is available at many price ranges. This make-up works quite well for occasional application. However, following manufacturer’s instructions to apply to the hand and then to the face can lead to streaking. Direct spraying on to the face is not recommended by most manufacturers, or by this author. This product is inexpensive, and can produce acceptable results.

Airbrush makeup can correct flaws, hide tattoos and cover rosacea, port wine and similar skin blemishes.

The other option for HDTV quality foundation is mineral powders. This is the easiest makeup to master for amateur application. Skin tone shades are applied via a kabuki brush, a stub handled thickly bristled brush.

Application involves buffing the powder into the skin, which creates a soft matte appearance. Shine on HDTV is glaring, distracting, and reminiscent of the flop sweats on Broadcast News.

The actual application uses a surprisingly small amount of powder to achieve coverage. Minor to moderate skin imperfections can be hidden without creating a chalky appearance.

The only caution in selecting a mineral powder makeup is the mica content. Mica is a light reflector, and can create unflattering reflections on the skin. Test any mineral powder under a strong light or in bright sunlight. If the powder appears to “sparkle”, choose another brand with less reflectivity.

Poorly applied makeup is a distraction (remember Al Gore’s imitation Reagan makeup during the first George W. Bush presidential debate?)

Adjusting the makeup formulation and application before standing in from of a high definition camera can create the appearance you need to allow your message to be heard.

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Internet TV Stations and Advertising Revenue

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There were some very strong structural reasons why advertising was hard to obtain for Internet TV stations, and that this was allowing the free-to-view space to be inhabited by the main channels and broadcasters, who could subsidise their Internet TV operations with revenue from the traditional broadcast channel.

Is there a solution to these issues? Well, if there isn’t one yet, then one can certainly be constructed. Firstly if the tv player software could pull in advertisements from an external source and integrate them smoothly into the schedule stream, and that external source could be an advertising agency or a buying agency, so that the count of the number of times an advertisement played could be independently verified, then that would be a good start.

Secondly, Internet TV station owners could reposition and reframe themselves away from the TV advertising model. What I mean by this is that just because you want TV advertisements, doesn’t mean you buy into the whole TV advertising model and the way TV advertising is bought and sold ie the advertisement is not the whole model.

There is another advertising model that I see as being more appropriate, the press advertising model. Let us suppose for a moment that you are a manufacturer of sealed unit windows, and you have just made a technical break through that means you can produce windows that are lighter, stronger, retain heat better, reflect sunlight better, and more resistant to breaking.

Your market place is the architects, the structural engineers and specifiers, and the construction companies themselves roughly in that order. What you need to do is create an Advertising campaign that generates awareness initially, and follows that up with technical data, and gets some buildings built or refurbished with your windows.

That Press Advertising campaign is going to be based around advertisements in the “trade” press that each key group architects, structural engineers/specifiers, construction companies and builders etc) read because that is the most cost effective route into that audience.

So, as an advertiser, you are “buying” a discrete targeted group purely on the basis of their profession and their role in the total buying process for your product. And that is also what you are selling as a station owner. And that needs to be your pitch to the advertising agency or media buyer (or both), you want video based advertising (and you are happy to be accountable, and you can provide click-throughs to the advertisers web-site) that is relevant to the audience you have on your Internet TV station.

You have an audience that is valuable to specific advertisers. And ideally your monthly viewing audience is larger than that of the relevant trade or specialist press publication. Clearly the tighter and more homogenous your audience, and the tighter and better targeted your programmes, and the more relevant your proposition is, then the more likely you are to get advertising.

And you need to design this into your Internet TV station from the start if you are to have any chance of getting significant levels of advertising revenue. Essentially, you are competing with the trade press, and you can use their advertising rate card to structure yours. So the media buyers and advertising agency planners you would need to talk to are those dealing with Press and/or buying/planning Press campaigns, rather than TV. The third issue I discussed in the previous article was the typical audience size of an Internet TV station, compared with a programme audience on a typical mainstream broadcast TV station -there’s no comparison, your tens of thousands, maybe hundreds of thousand of viewers per month, against several millions for 1 programme on 1 day!

However, it should be apparent that comparing your audience of several tens of thousands of architects (say) a month against the readership of, say, Construction News, is going to be a much better match, you may even have better figures. There is another possibility I want to raise, which is of a family of Internet TV stations, all broadly targeted at 1 group, in much the same way that traditional press publishing companies have families of journals. Take for example an Internet TV station aimed at Vets, that could be allied with Internet TV stations aimed at dog owners, cat owners, horse owners etc etc.

So while Internet TV may be your communication medium, your business model, I believe, should be closer to that of specialist press publishing. Now, when you go on Joost, Blinx, Babelgum and similar internet video content aggregators, and your content is buried along with thousands of hours of all other sorts of video content aimed at God only knows who, its no surprise that these businesses struggle with advertising revenue, and you aren’t likely to get much.

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maintaining marketplace movements

A number of developments in recent years have combined to put
the issue of financial stability at the top of the agenda, not just of
supervisory authorities, but of public policymakers more generally.
These developments include the explosive growth in the volume of
financial transactions, the increased complexity of new instruments,
costly crises in national financial systems, and several high-profile
mishaps at individual institutions.
The growth in the volume of financial transactions and the increas-
ing integration of capital markets have made institutions in the
financial sector more interdependent and have brought to the fore
the issue of systemic risk. International capital flows, though gen-
erally beneficial for the efficient allocation of savings and invest-
ment, now have the power in unstable conditions to undermine
national economic policies and destabilize financial systems.
The increased complexity of new instruments makes it harder for
senior management in financial firms, let alone supervisory authori-
ties, to understand intuitively the risks to which the institutions
concerned are exposed. There are fears that the models underlying
the pricing of the new instruments may not be sufficiently robust,
that the mathematics of the models may have become disconnected
from the realities of the marketplace, or that the operational controls
within financial institutions may be inadequate to control the resul-
tant risks.
The crises in financial systems that have occurred have demon-
strated the close linkages between financial stability and the health
of the real economy. In Mexico, for example, what began as a
currency crisis led to a serious recession and created huge strains in
the banking system, further deepening the recession. The conse-
quences of the Mexican crisis destabilized several other Latin
American countries, notably Argentina, and threatened for a while
to have even wider repercussions. In industrial countries, financial
strains in Scandinavia and Japan, among others, had adverse conse-
quences for the real economy.
Lastly, there have been a number of well-publicized losses at
individual institutions, due to the breakdown of operational or other
controls. Episodes such as Drexel Burnham, Procter and Gamble,
Orange County, Metallgesellschaft, Barings, Daiwa, and Sumitomo,
though reasonably well-contained, demonstrate how quickly losses
can mount, and illustrate the systemic risks that would be inherent
in a larger-scale mishap.
The central case for making the health of the financial system a
public policy concern rests on two propositions: first, that, left to
itself, the financial system is prone to bouts of instability; and
second, that instability can generate sizable negative spillover effects
(externalities). It will be the purpose of this paper to examine these
propositions more closely, and in the light of this examination, to
consider what forms public policy intervention in the financial
sector might take. More specifically, I will address the following
questions: What do we mean by financial stability? Why should official
intervention (as opposed to reliance on market forces) be required
to promote stability? And what concrete approaches can be employed?
What is financial stability?
A distinction is commonly made nowadays between monetary
stability and financial stability. (Interestingly, this distinction would

TV Guest Interviews – What to Expect

Appearing as a guest on television is an important part of your marketing strategy for becoming a well-known expert in your field.

To have a successful TV interview, where you’re able to focus on your message and be completely undistracted, it helps to understand the actions being performed by the crew when they’re setting up for your interview, and their terminology which may be completely foreign to you!

Here are a few terms you should be familiar with and actions you can expect:

1. Slate. The printed information about a TV guest displayed or scrolled at the bottom of the screen during an interview is referred to as the “slate.” When a guest arrives on the television set, a member of the TV crew may ask the guest to slowly say (and perhaps spell) his name, title, book title, or product or company name. It is important to be very clear during this process, so that the information when displayed to the viewers is correct.

2. Balance. It is a smart idea for the guest to carry a plain white index card in his pocket. An index card, held up to the camera, is used by the cameraman to get the right balance, or adjustment, of the camera color to make sure the person’s skin doesn’t appear green on the TV screen. Usually the cameraman will have his own card, but it doesn’t hurt for the guest to be prepared, just in case.

3. Level. Before the interview, the sound people will ask the guest to speak into the microphone so they can set the correct sound level. The guest should speak clearly and in a normal conversation tone and volume. This is referred to as getting the person’s “level.” The person should talk in the same “level” when the cameras are rolling – in the same tone and volume – and the voice will sound balanced with the interviewer and any other speakers.

4. Standup. If someone is being interviewed at a conference or during a breaking news story, it may be done as a “standup” instead of the usual seated interview. The reporter or interviewer will stand with the guest in a corner or a certain spot and conduct the interview.

5. B-roll. This is the term given to the video footage that is shown on the screen while a voiceover tells the actual story or explains what the audience is seeing. An example would be aerial footage of a congested freeway being shown while a TV guest shares statistics from his book about smog and global warming.

TV is a powerful medium. It’s a wonderful opportunity to share your message with a wide audience in a manner that shines a spotlight on you as the “expert” celebrity!

Most of all, when the lights go on, make sure you enjoy the moment as it will come through in the interview and enhance your appearance as a guest!

International Conferencing for Your Business Brilliance

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With fast paced globalization, world economy has witnessed a drastic change and now the companies have decided to head on foreign investments to maintain pace with the changing market scenario. Companies are keen to set up offices across the world. The reason for establishing offices abroad is to keep a strong footing in international arena. So, in order sustain close contacts and co-ordination with the regional branches of the corporate houses, international conferencing has become really indispensable. Besides, such conferencing solution has proved to be an essential means of connecting multiple parties straight to people in various locations round the globe.

Frankly speaking, gone are the days when business personnel and representatives were required to throng to foreign countries to meet and invite new business collaborates, suppliers, channel partners, retailers and other dealers. With international conferencing becoming the most sought after tool these days nothing seems impossible. One can just make good use of internet or telephone to connect with the stakeholders and communicate with them in real-time. So it is not only convenient but also reduces the conference calling expenses, curtailing the traveling time and costs each time.

Big business houses and organizations, seeking for the most cost-effective means to manage their conferencing arrangements can look for call service providers which offer effective services at reasonable costs. The service providers come up with wide range of web interacting solutions that let the users work in virtual setting which is pretty supportive to collaboration. The basic requirement for such type of virtual meeting is computer or laptop well accompanied by fast net connection and a conferencing application. The conferencing service doesn’t demand any software installation by participants or moderators. What’s more is that the user-friendly application is well accessible from all the web browsers devoid of any plug-ins. Simply put, they are fully safe, as the service operator encrypts the solutions as per maximum security protocol.

There are plenty of providers dealing with international conference call service who are into offering global conferencing service to company. The providers present applications which are installed with multiple advanced features. The users get the choice of transferring the applications, documents and files without any heck followed by sharing the whole desktop with participants present on the other side. The webcasting service lets the participants to record the meeting for further reference. Apart from these, the effective features include drag and drop, white boarding which are included into the transmission software to guarantee right brainstorming and transmission at real time amongst participants who are located at distant places. Companies as well as individuals can choose such features as per their needs and requirements while gaining international conferencing solutions from reliable service providers.

To conclude, this can be said that with operator backed conference call, you get the liberty to simplify the whole conference process and facilitate your meeting in a more effective and formal manner. Well, regardless of your business size, be it big or small, you can make good use of this superb international conferencing and make the communication easy like never before.

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International Copyright Protection

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Copyright Intellectual Property can be protected at National and International. Copyright has international protection such as Berne convention, universal copyright convention, WIPO copyright Treaty, Rome convention, Brussels convention etc.

The International union for the protection of literary and artistic works was established in 1886 in Berne, Switzerland. It is popularly known as Berne Convention. It entered into force on 5th December, 1887 and it has been revised for five times. It is administered by world intellectual property organization (WIPO). The Berne convention has 38 articles and special provisions for the developing countries. The convention has established a minimum of protection of life plus 50 years or an alternative of fifty years from publication of anonymous work and pseudonymous work. India is a member of the Berne convention.

One of the International copyright protections is Universal Copyright Convention (UCC). The universal copyright convention was signed and entered into force on September 6, 1952. It was revised on 1971 at Paris. The protection given is for published as well as unpublished works. The member countries must grant a minimum copyright term of 25 years from publication, or life of the author plus 25 years. The foreign authors of other member countries must be granted exclusively rights for at least seven years.

The next International Copyright protection for the performers, producers of phonogram and broadcasting organizations is Rome convention. The Rome convention was completed on October 26, 1961 and entered into force on may 18, 1964 basically intend to protect the neighboring rights. Phonogram is a sound recording. The rights in respect of phonograms and performances and broadcasting are called neighboring rights.

The benefits of this convention are performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasters. The protection is granted for twenty years term will vary according to the nature of work. The eligibility to participate in this convention is that a state must be a member of either of the Berne convention or the universal copyright convention.

Another International Copyright protection is WIPO copyright Treaty. It was adopted by the diplomatic conference at Geneva on December 20, 1996 and entered into force on January 1, 1996. This convention is for the protection of rights of performers and produces of phonograms. The term of protection is fifty years.

Some treaties convention gives protection for the unauthorized duplication. On October 29, 1971, the convention for the producers of phonograms against unauthorized duplication of their phonograms is signed at Geneva. The main purpose of this Geneva Convention is to fight against the practice of piracy by third parties.

The convention relating to the distribution of programme- carrying signals transmitted by satellite and audio- visual works is Brussels convention signed on may 21 1974. The main purpose is to battle the misappropriation of satellite signals on an international level. The treaty on international registration of audio-visual works Geneva signed on April 20, 1989 at Geneva. It deals with the registration of audio- visual works at the international level.

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